As the remaining radio schools were phased out and relocated during the late 1950s, responsibility moved from the Air Training Command to the Military Air Transport Service, and Scott Air Force Base assumed a new role in the 1960s.
During the early 60s, Scott primarily supported other units on base and also held the unique distinction of hosting two major commands—the Airways and Air Communication Service.
However, by June 1, 1964, the mission of the host unit changed from supporting only units on Scott AFB to overall aeromedical airlift and responsibility of the Military Air Transport Service domestic aeromedical transport system. This was the beginning of a large expansion of aeromedical responsibility, stretching to the North Atlantic, Caribbean offshore bases, and Alaska by 1965.
As Scott’s focus centered around aeromedical airlift, another change swept the base: Military Air Transport Service became the Mobility Air Command. This changed the host unit from MATC to the newly activated 375th Aeromedical Airlift Wing on Jan. 12, 1966.
One of the most defining moments of the 1960s was the arrival of the first C-9A.
On Aug, 10, 1968, Gen. Howell Estes, Jr., Military Airlift Command commander, flew the first C-9A to Scott AFB. The C-9A became the symbol of aeromedical airlift, and Scott continued to be a major aeromedical asset as the 1970s neared.
From Feb. 10, 1965, to July 19, 1966, Airman 1st Class Darryl G.Winters voluntarily flew 302 air missions, risking his own life daily to obtain required photo documentation of the air war in Vietnam. After flying more than 300 missions and 30,000 feet of combat film, he was in an F-100 that was hit by ground fire and crashed July 19, 1966, killing him. Winters was the first AAVS combat photographer killed in action in Vietnam.
He posthumously received the Distinguished Flying Cross and the Air Medal. The Darryl Winters Award is the highest tribute presented to motion picture camera technicians, television camera technicians, and still photographers within the Aerospace Audio Visual Service.
Winters Street was named after him in 1979.